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- Industrial symbiosis
- Supplier relationship management in the era of digital transformation
- Supply ecosystems
- Social sustainability of global supply chains
- Internet of value
- Satellite big data in supply chain management
- Sustainability in the wine industry
- Operations management and supply chain management in the age of digital transformation
- Digitalization of supply chains and the effect on sustainability
- Low earth orbit satellites and supply chain management
- Global supply chains resisting COVID-19 pandemic – the use of resilient capabilities
- Supply chain governance in the age of digital transformation
- Sustainability in supply chains through blockchain
- Supply chain management in an era of reglobalization
- Let others take care of it! Do resilience objectives replace sustainability ambitions due to Covid-19?
- Road freight transportation in an era of transformation
- Being a female leader in modern logistics
- Digitization in purchasing
- Practical thesis at HEINZ-GLAS
In the current economic and political environment, proper waste management systems are an unconditional priority, and challenge for both private and public sectors. The research topic of industrial symbiosis (IS) seeks to address these concerns by improving the exchanges of resources between industries, where the waste of one company may be useful for others. When it comes to facing these challenges, IS allows for the reuse of materials that otherwise could have been wasted, and it prevents them from being misused or discarded altogether. This collaboration among separate entities has a signiﬁcant impact on the structure of supply chains and the relationships among the participating entities. However, there are not many papers that explore IS from the supply chain management perspective.
In the literature, some studies deal with IS from the perspective of ecology, energy, environmental science, and materials management. However, there are not many papers that deal with IS from the perspective of supply chain management. The aim of this bachelor thesis is to provide a comprehensive overview of the concept of IS, as well as to analyze its implications for the supply chain management.
IS is a strategy for the development of a circular economy involving collaboration and integration among entities through the sharing of wastes, by-products, and resources. In supply chains, this type of collaboration expands traditional partnerships and requires a more collective eﬀort, encouraging suppliers and buyers to extend beyond their core competencies. As a result, the organizational structure, relationships, and operations in a supply chain change when ﬁrms adopt IS. This master thesis aims to explore the new organizational structures for the implementation of IS from the perspective of resource-based theory by conducting a case study with the help of expert interviews.
IS challenges the structure of today’s supply chains. Increasing partnerships and the exchange of materials, waste, and various information makes the supply network more vulnerable to disruption. Industry 4.0 and emerging technologies, such as artificial intelligence, big data, and blockchain, can stabilize the supply chain. The aim of this master thesis is to find out how digitalization can increase the resilience and viability of supply chains in IS through a case study.
IS will increasingly transform traditional supply chains into supply ecosystems. Supply ecosystems represent resilient structures that can quickly heal themselves after disruptions and reach their original performance levels. However, participation in such ecosystems poses numerous challenges for companies. The aim of this master thesis is to explore the phenomenon of supply ecosystems, providing the foundation for an emerging field of research.
Resource recovery is one of the main workhorses of IS. However, setting up a successful business model for resource recovery depends on multiple factors, from incentives to divert waste from landfills to the availability of technologies for waste processing and clear regulations regarding the safe use of waste in manufacturing. Additionally, recovered resources often stand in competition with virgin materials, whose prices do not necessarily reflect all environmental externalities, such as damage to natural ecosystems. Companies active in resource recovery face the challenge of linking two different worlds: waste producers and the manufacturing industry using recovered resources. In addition, resource recovery firms operating in developing countries must often cooperate with the informal sector. The aim of this master thesis is to investigating upcoming business models driven by IS.
This master thesis intends to deepen the knowledge of IS and its implications for sustainability, one of the main concepts in the circular economy and industrial ecology.
Supplier relationship management in the era of digital transformation
The process of digitizing supply chain management (SCM) is part of a holistic change towards digital enterprises and offers many application potentials for the digitalization. Digitalization primarily involves the implementation and use of digital systems and the linking of production and logistics facilities. Through the increased interconnectivity of systems, actors can realise efficient cross-company planning and organisation of material and information flows. Despite various advantages, this change is accompanied by requirements and challenges, which the actors have to cope with. The theses belonging to this topic deal with digital transformation within supplier relationship management (SRM) and purchasing and supply management (PSM).
Using emerging technologies to elevate optimization potentials and create an intelligent SCM is a core objective within the era of digital transformation. This is where the use of technology and the related automation can yield strategic advantages for companies. Within the scope of the work, a systematization of possible application options for automation along the supply chain should be carried out. In this context, a detailed quantification of the defined automation potentials and a comprehensive systematic analysis of the success factors associated with implementation are to be conducted. In addition to a theoretical examination, the master’s thesis includes a case study to identify practical examples and a description of best practices.
The gathering and utilization of comprehensive performance data from supply chain partners before and within the scope of operational cooperation enables companies to reduce subjectivity in the course of evaluation and decision-making and to have access to valid data. Currently, these analysis approaches involve a lot of effort with the integration of separate systems. In most cases, companies limit themselves to a snapshot or retrospective evaluation of performance. By using supplier-specific data, as well as integrating further relevant market and environmental factors and data, it could be possible to develop future scenarios and to make decisions based on these scenarios regarding cooperation and the establishment and maintenance of business relationships. In the context of this work, the aim is to determine, with the help of a case study or survey, which opportunities and requirements companies perceive in these technologies and whether existing approaches are used in the operative business and how they influence the processes of supplier management.
Digital transformation is currently one of the most popular buzzwords in the world of business. But how does it change the relationship between buyer and supplier? The strategic importance of supplier relationship management (SRM) has increased as manufacturers shift their strategy from transactional, cost-efficiency driven relationships to delivering value to their suppliers. Practitioners widely endorse the direct positive impact of supplier relationships on the performance of both companies involved and see collaboration as a driver of competitive advantage. Active management and understanding of relationship characteristics help managers optimise the performance outcome of the partnership. The objective of this thesis is to examine how emerging technologies can be used effectively in the context of SRM. A case study should be used to analyse the impact of digital transformation on SRM.
Several shock events have shaped the past centuries and forced our society to adapt and change the way we produce and distribute goods. The distinctive feature of the 21st century is the well-established global supply chain and global economy, which makes it challenging to adapt to new challenges (e.g., pandemics and climate change). These networks are predominantly static in their structures and lack resilience and adaptive capacity. However, the transformations are beginning and require a thorough research investigation to help shape the future supply chain networks. In the long term, supply chains will evolve into supply ecosystems. A supply ecosystem is a mutually dependent system interconnected by a loose foundation of various ecosystem members, including buyers, suppliers, competitors, and other stakeholders. In the current business environment, competition between firms has shifted to competition between supply ecosystems. Thus, building a sustainable ecosystem has become a new source of competitiveness. An ecosystem is the foundation that enables sustainable management for the ecosystem member firms with collaboration and co-evolution within the ecosystem.
Social sustainability of global supply chains
While the logistics, operations, and SCM literature investigate actions and supply chain strategies used by companies to address a set of social issues, the real impacts of intellectual outputs on real, transformative changes in the wider society remain unclear. To date, we do not have a clear view on what type of actions and decisions can transform the current thinking and practices among companies such that they actively drive socially sustainable supply chains. The fields still lacks inclusiveness.
How can companies manage social sustainability in upstream and downstream supply chains? This question should be answered within this thesis by conducting a case study with several companies.
The aim of this master thesis is to develop a framework for supplier Management in a social environment.
For a long time, economic growth has been driven by substantial depletion of natural resources and degradation of ecosystems, also resulting in adverse impacts on humans. Finding ways to implement production systems and supply chains inspired by alternative economic principles has therefore become crucial if the boundaries of environmental sustainability have to be extended. Such concerns have been pushing towards the transition from a linear to a circular economic model, in a bid to alleviate environmental impacts.
However, the social Dimension is often neglected and the focus is on the economic dimension. The following questions have to answered:
- Which social criteria do exist in a circular supply chain? A catalog of relevant criteria should be developed through expert interviews.
- What is the relationship between social criteria in circular supply chains? The dependencies between criteria should be evaluated through expert interviews.
Internet of value
Internet of Value (Internet 4.0) ist die Weiterentwicklung des Internet der Dinge (Internet 3.0) und soll als weltweite Basis für alle Wertschöpfungsprozesse dienen und damit eine Vielzahl an Herausforderungen meistern: gesellschaftliche Treiber, Umwelt- und Nachhaltigkeitsfaktoren sowie soziale und technische Hemmnisse. Das Internet of Value basiert auf einer Reihe an Technologien wie unter anderem dem dem Internet of Things, Distributed Ledger Technologies, Smart Contracts und Digital Twins. Aufgrund der Aktualität des Themas fehlt jedoch eine systematische Zusammenfassung der Literatur. Dies wird Inhalt dieser Abschlussarbeit sein.
- Wie kann die bestehende Literatur zum Thema Internet of Value kategorisiert werden?
- Welche Technologien sind Hauptbestandteile?
- Wie können aktuelle Hürden überwunden werden?
- Wie wird sich die Literatur entwickeln?
Die Bearbeitung dieser Themenstellung erfolgt in englischer Sprache!
Satellite big data in supply chain management
We all use satellite data almost daily. Mostly in the form of navigation applications. At the same time, technological advances by companies such as SpaceX and other startups are enabling more and more satellites to be launched into space, which are supposed to serve a wider range of applications faster and more reliably. Basically, three services can be offered through satellites: Imaging/Video, Navigation/Position/Timing and Communication. While the navigation/position/timing application is also in the foreground for companies, increasingly exciting application possibilities are emerging. One example is the automatic monitoring of vegetation of the entire German rail network, which allows early measures to be taken to eliminate disturbances.
The identification and analysis of new applications, their implications for supply chain management and their effects on aspects such as sustainability are to be investigated in this research area.
Die Abschlussarbeiten können sowohl auf die Branche als auch auf bestimmte Themen beschränkt werden. Dies geschieht in Absprache mit dem Betreuer.
Die Bearbeitung dieser Themenstellung erfolgt in englischer Sprache!
Sustainability in the wine industry
In the context of the crisis in the wine market, organic, natural, and biodynamic wines continue to sell more and gain market share. Is the future of the wine sector intimately linked to its sustainability? Consumers‘ willingness to pay for „sustainable“ wines is an ever-evolving debate that has not yet been resolved. It refers to consumer preferences, the question of labels and certifications, and even consumer tastes. The issue of sustainability for consumers goes beyond the wine itself and extends to the entire logistics chain (packaging, distance traveled by the bottles, the life cycle of the bottle, etc.) and even to the issue of tourism.
Operations management and supply chain management in the age of digital transformation
Digitalization and Digital Transformation (DT) has recently received increasing attention in operation management (OM), spanning topics from digital manufacturing (e.g., Roscoe et al., 2019; Holmström et al., 2019), to platform outcomes (e.g., Friesike et al., 2019), and economies of collaboration (e.g., Hedenstierna et al., 2019).
DT incorporates the use of digital technologies for operational innovation, by creating new or transforming existing processes, cultures, and customer experiences to meet changing business and market requirements (Vial, 2019). It transcends sales, operations, and customer service beyond mere process improvement, and changes the way business is done by creating new classes of businesses (Hammer, 2004). With DT, organizations revisit their internal systems to customer interactions both online and in person, effectively reengineering their processes from evolution to revolution. DT, thus, challenges our understanding of OM and highlights the importance of organizational dynamics as intertwined with higher levels (Davis, 2016). Research on DT can contribute to current discussions in OM (e.g., Holmström et al., 2019), such as the opportunities for organizations to leverage presence in one market into other areas; the emergence of ecosystems that include all players in the value network; the appeal of multi-sided platform business models that bring disparate players together; and the importance of Big Data and Artificial Intelligence (AI) as competitive advantage. Such trends put new demands on organizations in terms of their choice of market positions, vertical and horizontal scope, and the management of their boundaries.
Research topics (in arrangement with the supervisor)
- How DT enables players in the supply chain to enhance organizational Performance and decision-making
- The impact of DT on the performance and roles of human decision-makers
Die Covid-19 Pandemie verdeutlicht die Notwendigkeit einer resilienten und robusten Supply Chain. Besonders wichtig sind dabei eingesetzte Informationssystem, die Nutzung dieser und die Kommunikation zwischen den Mitarbeitern. In der Praxis ist dies allerdings oftmals in Chaos ausgeartet. Daher soll in der Abschlussarbeit untersucht werden, wie bestehende Informationssysteme als soziotechnische Konstrukte (Salahuddin et al., 2020), die aus Interaktionen zwischen Menschen, ihren Rollen und den von ihnen ausgeführten Aktivitäten sowie ihrer Nutzung von Technologie, zur Abmilderung der COVID-19 -Folgen beitragen können/konnten. Zudem soll die Frage geklärt werden, ob die Informationssystem helfen können die externen schnellen Schocks bei der Überwindung der Krise zu mildern und wie zukünftige krisenbezogene Herausforderungen aufgebaut und kommuniziert werden müssen.
Die Bearbeitung dieser Themenstellung erfolgt in englischer Sprache!
Digitalization of supply chains and the effect on sustainability
Recent developments in the digitalization of supply chains have created both challenges and opportunities for companies. Trends such as blockchain, additive manufacturing, industrial internet of things (IoT), 5G networks, and big data analytics are pushing firms to rethink their supply chains and, eventually, their whole business model. Several researchers claim that this revolution will have an enormous impact on every aspect of the economy. Sustainability is no exception to that, especially when considering its triple bottom line (i.e., economic, social, and environmental). Potential changes encompass all supply chain areas, from supplier management to distribution, warehousing, and transportation.
Low earth orbit satellites and supply chain management
Low earth orbit (LEO) satellites will turn out to be a key game changer in global logistics. Overflying earth at an altitude of not more than 2.000km, their set up and operations are less costly and more energy-efficient than satellites further out in space. Recently, tech firms such as SpaceX or Telesat are in the process of setting up a satellite infrastructure with global coverage. Former announced that their “LEO economy” can be fully operated by 2027. Through this communication infrastructure, LEO satellites will enable participation in that network with low delays also from remote areas.
Global supply chains resisting COVID-19 pandemic – the use of resilient capabilities
During the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, firms were exposed to far-reaching disruptions along their supply chains by this external shock, as the ongoing trend for further cost reduction has led to highly efficient but very vulnerable supply chains. In this context, resilient supply chains (SCR) capabilities represented a decisive competitive advantage for firms’ recovery. While the principles of SC have been identified and conceptualised by several authors, their respective impact on supply chain performance is still unclear.
Supply chain governance in the age of digital transformation
The effective management of inter-organizational relationships across the supply chain is of paramount importance for all firms involved. In a turbulent and constantly evolving business environment, this requires appropriate and adaptive governance mechanisms that promote efficient collaboration within the supply chain while mitigating the risk of opportunistic behavior through means of control. Governance of inter-organizational relationships can generally be contractual and/or relational. At the same time, ICT-based technologies change the way and potentials how companies can interact. Yet, a clear understanding of the impact of Digital Transformation on governance from a supply chain perspective is still lacking. Therefore, the objective of the following theses is to investigate how and why Digital Transformation influences governance of inter-organizational relationships in supply chains.
Investments in the new digital technologies may be substantial. Some enterprises may afford them more than others, and therefore acquire – and possibly exploit – the resulting advantages in terms of visibility, control of information, data analytics and automated decisions. Is this further strengthening the bargaining power of such companies? How is governance changing in the relationships between companies regarding their possible different digitalization levels?
Apparently, possible diverging impacts may exist. Increased visibility and traceability of information could reduce or even remove the importance of trust; but will any information be transparent? Will it be acknowledged as trustworthy by all the partners? Will trust, or perhaps “digital trust”, still be necessary?
Sustainability in supply chains through blockchain
Die erfolgreiche Steuerung der Ressourcen in der Logistik und im Supply Chain Management ist der Schlüssel für die Organisation, um auch unter rauen Marktbedingungen selbsttragend zu bleiben. Um die negativen Auswirkungen auf die Umwelt zu dämpfen, sollten die Prozesse in der Logistik- und Lieferkette ressourcenschonend gesteuert werden. Um diese Herausforderungen zu bewältigen, stellt das Logistik- und Lieferkettenmanagement die Frage nach der Nachhaltigkeit, die die Aktivitäten mit dem Ziel umfasst, die negativen Umweltauswirkungen zu reduzieren, die Kosten zu senken und die Lebensgrundlage zu erhöhen.
Für die effektive Integration nachhaltiger Strategien in der Logistik und im Lieferkettenmanagement wird also eine leistungsfähige Technologie benötigt. In den letzten Jahren wurde die Blockchain in der Logistik und im Lieferkettenmanagement eingesetzt, bei der die Daten/Informationen nicht ohne die Zustimmung der beteiligten Parteien gelöscht oder verändert werden können. Dieser Ansatz erleichtert die Transparenz, die Nachvollziehbarkeit und das Vertrauen in die Nutzung von Informationen. Darüber hinaus hilft sie durch ihre Anwendung in Smart Contracts beim Ausgleich von Angebot und Nachfrage. Blockchain liefert reale, reaktionsfähige Daten, die weiterverwendet werden können, um die Gesamteffizienz von Abläufen zu verbessern (einschließlich nachhaltiger Entwicklungsziele). Im Hinblick auf die wirtschaftliche Nachhaltigkeit eliminiert sie die Intervention Dritter in der gesamten Wertschöpfungskette, was die Kosten für Audits erheblich reduziert. Bislang wurden nur wenige Versuche unternommen, die Auswirkungen von Blockchain auf die Nachhaltigkeit in der Logistik und im Lieferkettenmanagement zu untersuchen. Die wenigen bestehenden Studien befinden sich noch in einem frühen Stadium und versuchen, Kompromissüberlegungen, notwendige Aktivitäten, Informationsmanagementsysteme für Triple Bottom Lines (TBL) und Leistungsbewertungen bei der Implementierung von Blockchain zu identifizieren.
Im Rahmen der Abschlussarbeiten soll daher die Nutzung von Blockchain für nachhaltiges Logistik- und Lieferkettenmanagement (SLSCM) untersucht werden.
- Neue Geschäftsmodelle/Konzepte, Methoden, Technologien zur Förderung von SLSCM im Blockchain-Zeitalter
- Blockchain-gestützte Closed-Loop-Supply-Chain-Systeme
- Quantitative Fallstudien zum Einsatz von Blockchain in der mehrstufigen Angebots-Nachfrage-Koordination im Bereich Nachhaltigkeit
- Informations- und Versorgungsunterbrechungen bei SLSCM in Anwesenheit von Blockchain
- Politik, Bildung, Governance bei der Implementierung von SLSCM durch Blockchain-Technologien
Die Bearbeitung dieser Themenstellung erfolgt in englischer Sprache!
Supply chain management in an era of reglobalization
Global supply chains (GSC) have fostered the worldwide flow of goods and services and created a network of interdependencies among nations, firms, and corporations. Being exposed to external shocks such as environmental disasters (e.g., Australian bushfires, typhoons, floods), political tensions (e.g. Brexit, USA-China trade war), or health crises (COVID-19, ebola), disruptions are affecting GSC and will continue to substantial change GSC. Given that, there is a need for a reconfiguration of GSC and an overthinking of established paradigms in the management of GSC. In academics, scholars hypothesize a “mediated” globalisation, including the value-added of productivity while maintaining GSC stability.
The growing limits of global trade openness are accompanied by logistical and technological advances with a growing at an even faster pace. This master thesis aims to identify the role of emerging technologies in enabling resilient supply chains in the era of regloblisation. Based on a literature review, expert interviews with supply chain executives shall be conducted and the results are conceptualized within a framework for decision-makers.
GSC are affected by increasing anti-globalisation movements (e.g., US protectionism, China’s tariffs) that are readily affecting international trade and will continue to reshape GSC. This will give rise to new GSC structures, capable of managing international trade policies and limits of cross-country change of goods. This master thesis aims to identify measures that enable firms to adapt their supply chains to the requirements of changing and complex trade policies by a case study.
Let others take care of it! Do resilience objectives replace sustainability ambitions due to Covid-19?
Before Covid-19, growing regulations start to put pressure on companies for more sustainability efforts. Today we can observe that businesses (have to) drop their sustainability ambitions while they cope with the pandemic. This exciting observation and its impact will be explored through the following research.
Road freight transportation in an era of transformation
The road freight transportation is facing important changes. First, the reduction of carbon emissions is one of the key challenges for humanity. Freight transportation is thereby one of the most difficult economic activities to decarbonize, as fossil fuels are the main energy source for most transportation vehicles. Second, technological developments like automated driving will change future job profiles in logistics. Third, the industry is facing an increasingly interconnected and collaborative supply chain, which means that in particular small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) have to adapt to these changes. These exciting topics will be explored through the following research.
Being a female leader in modern logistics
Logistics, especially operational logistics, is a male-dominated industry, especially in leading functions. We would like to understand why and what challenges and advantages female leaders do face in comparison to their male colleagues. This exciting topic will be explored through the following research.
Digitization in purchasing
Der Einkauf ist eins der zentralen Themen im Supply Chain Management. Auch hier gab es einen immensen Aufschwung der Literatur durch die Themen Digitalisierung, Digitale Transformation und Industrie 4.0. Eine quantitative Literaturanalyse, in Form eine bibliometrischen Studie, fehlt bislang allerdings, welche einen Überblick über das Forschungsfeld gibt. Dies ist Thema der ausgeschriebenen Abschlussarbeit.
- Welche Forschungscommunities gibt es?
- Was zitieren sich die Paper untereinander?
- Welche Forschungscluster gibt es im Bereich Digitalisierung und Einkauf?
- Wie kann die Literatur im Bereich Digitalisierung und Einkauf kategorisiert werden?
Die Bearbeitung dieser Themenstellung erfolgt in englischer Sprache!
Practical thesis at HEINZ-GLAS
Thema: „Nachhaltigkeit und Kosteneinsparungen im Einkauf – (k)ein Zielkonflikt?
Vereinbarkeit von Nachhaltigkeit als Unternehmensziel und Kostenoptimierung/Savingsvorgaben im Einkauf
Bitte bewerben Sie sich für diese Arbeit auch mit allen notwendigen Unterlagen!